Influence of particle morphology of ground fly ash on the fluidity and strength of cement paste

Ma, Juntao and Wang, Daguang and Zhao, Shunbo and Duan, Ping and Yang, Shangtong (2021) Influence of particle morphology of ground fly ash on the fluidity and strength of cement paste. Materials, 14 (2). 283. ISSN 1996-1944 (

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The grinding process has become widely used to improve the fineness and performance of fly ash. However, most studies focus on the particle size distribution of ground fly ash, while the particle morphology is also an important factor to affect the performance of cement paste. This article aims at three different kinds of ground fly ash from the ball mill and vertical mill, and the particle morphology is observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to calculate the spherical destruction (the ratio of spherical particles broken into irregular particles in the grinding process of fly ash), which provides a quantification of the morphology change in the grinding process. The fluidity of cement paste and the strength of cement mortar are tested to study the relation of spherical destruction and fluidity and strength. The results show that the spherical destruction of ground fly ash in a ball mill is more than 80% and that in a vertical mill with a separation system is only 11.9%. Spherical destruction shows a significant relation with the fluidity. To different addition of ground fly ash, the fluidity of cement paste decreases with the increase of spherical destruction. To the strength of cement paste, particle size distribution and spherical destruction are both the key factors. Therefore, spherical destruction is an important measurement index to evaluate the grinding effect of the fly ash mill.


Ma, Juntao, Wang, Daguang, Zhao, Shunbo, Duan, Ping and Yang, Shangtong ORCID logoORCID:;