Frictional drag measurements of large-scale plates in an enhanced plane channel flowcell

Turkmen, Serkan and Atlar, Mehmet and Yeginbayeva, Irma and Benson, Simon and Finlay, John A and Clare, Anthony S. (2020) Frictional drag measurements of large-scale plates in an enhanced plane channel flowcell. Biofouling, 36 (2). pp. 169-182. ISSN 1029-2454

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    This paper describes the design of an enhanced, plane channel, flowcell and its use for testing large-scale coated plates (0.6 m 0.22 m) in fully developed flow, over a wide range of Reynolds numbers, with low uncertainty. Two identical, hydraulically smooth plates were experimentally tested. Uniform biofilms were grown on clean surfaces to test skin friction changes resulting from different biofilm thickness and densities. A velocity survey of the flowcell measurement section, using laser Doppler anemometry, showed a consistent velocity profile and low turbulence intensity in the central flow channel. The skin friction coefficient was experimentally determined using a pressure drop method. Results correlate closely to previously published regression data, particularly at higher speeds. Repeated measurements indicated very low uncertainty. This study demonstrates this flowcell’s applicability for representing consistent frictional drag of ship hull surfaces, enabling comparability of hydrodynamic drag caused by surface roughness to the reference surface measurements.