Dynamic response of an inverted pendulum system in water under parametric excitations for energy harvesting : a conceptual approach

Hasnain, Saqib and Kallu, Karam Dad and Nawaz, Muhammad Haq and Abbas, Naseem and Pruncu, Catalin Iulin (2020) Dynamic response of an inverted pendulum system in water under parametric excitations for energy harvesting : a conceptual approach. Energies, 13 (19). 5215. ISSN 1996-1073

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    Abstract

    In this paper, we have investigated the dynamic response, vibration control technique, and upright stability of an inverted pendulum system in an underwater environment in view point of a conceptual future wave energy harvesting system. The pendulum system is subjected to a parametrically excited input (used as a water wave) at its pivot point in the vertical direction for stabilization purposes. For the first time, a mathematical model for investigating the underwater dynamic response of an inverted pendulum system has been developed, considering the effect of hydrodynamic forces (like the drag force and the buoyancy force) acting on the system. The mathematical model of the system has been derived by applying the standard Lagrange equation. To obtain the approximate solution of the system, the averaging technique has been utilized. An open loop parametric excitation technique has been applied to stabilize the pendulum system at its upright unstable equilibrium position. Both (like the lower and the upper) stability borders have been shown for the responses of both pendulum systems in vacuum and water (viscously damped). Furthermore, stability regions for both cases are clearly drawn and analyzed. The results are illustrated through numerical simulations. Numerical simulation results concluded that: (i) The application of the parametric excitation control method in this article successfully stabilizes the newly developed system model in an underwater environment, (ii) there is a significant increase in the excitation amplitude in the stability region for the system in water versus in vacuum, and (iii) the stability region for the system in vacuum is wider than that in water.

    ORCID iDs

    Hasnain, Saqib, Kallu, Karam Dad, Nawaz, Muhammad Haq, Abbas, Naseem and Pruncu, Catalin Iulin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4926-2189;