Flow characterization of magnesium alloy ZK61 during hot deformation with improved constitutive equations and using activation energy maps

Long, Jinchuan and Xia, Qinxiang and Xiao, Gangfeng and Qin, Yi and Yuan, Shuai (2021) Flow characterization of magnesium alloy ZK61 during hot deformation with improved constitutive equations and using activation energy maps. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 191. 106069. ISSN 0020-7403

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    Abstract

    The present study aimed at characterizing the flow characteristics and workability of an as-extruded magnesium alloy ZK61 by isothermal compression tests performed at temperatures of 523–673 K and strain rates of 0.001–1s−1. The flow stress curves were analysed via considering the mechanism of microstructure evolution. Using the obtained flow stress data, both of the conventional and improved Arrhenius constitutive equations were developed to predict the flow characteristics, and the 3D activation energy maps were constructed to propose the optimal deformation conditions and reveal the effects of deformation parameters on microstructure evolution. It can be found that the strain factor plays an important role in determining the shapes of the flow stress curves, which exhibit three types of variation tendencies due to the flow softening and hardening behaviour as the strain increases. The improved constitutive equations resulted in excellent predictability of the peak flow stress within all the deformation conditions. Combining with the activation energy maps, the dominant deformation mechanisms, i.e., dynamic recrystallization and flow localization in different deformation regions were identified, and the optimal processing window of the alloy can be obtained at strain rate and temperature range of 0.001– 0.01s−1 and 623 ~ 673 K under a strain of 0.9.