Structural refinement and electrochemical properties of one dimensional (ZnO NRs)1-x(CNs )x functional hybrids for serotonin sensing studies

Mullani, Sajid B. and Dhodamani, Abanta G. and Shellikeri, Annadanesh and Mullani, Navaj B. and Tawade, Anita K. and Tavade, Shivaji N. and Biscay, Julien and Dennany, Lynn and Delekar, Sagar D. (2020) Structural refinement and electrochemical properties of one dimensional (ZnO NRs)1-x(CNs )x functional hybrids for serotonin sensing studies. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). 15955. ISSN 2045-2322

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    Abstract

    Herein, the efficient serotonin (5-HT) sensing studies have been conducted using the (ZnO NRs) 1−x(CNs) x nanocomposites (NCs) having appropriate structural and electrochemical properties. Initially, the different compositions of ZnO nanorods (NRs), with varying content of carbon nanostructures (CNs=MWCNTs and RGO), are prepared using simple in-situ wet chemical method and thereafter these NCs have been characterized for physico-chemical properties in correlation to the 5-HT sensing activity. XRD Rietveld refinement studies reveal the hexagonal Wurtzite ZnO NRs oriented in (101) direction with space group ‘P6 3mc’ and both orientation as well as phase of ZnO NRs are also retained in the NCs due to the small content of CNs. The interconnectivity between the ZnO NRs with CNs through different functional moieties is also studied using FTIR analysis; while phases of the constituents are confirmed through Raman analysis. FESEM images of the bare/NCs show hexagonal shaped rods with higher aspect ratio (4.87) to that of others. BET analysis and EIS measurements reveal the higher surface area (97.895 m 2/g), lower charge transfer resistance (16.2 kΩ) for the ZCNT 0.1 NCs to that of other NCs or bare material. Thereafter, the prepared NCs are deposited on the screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) using chitosan as cross-linked agent for 5-HT sensing studies; conducted through cyclic voltammetry (CV) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) measurements. Among the various composites, ZCNT0.1 NCs based electrodes exhibit higher sensing activity towards 5-HT in accordance to its higher surface area, lower particle size and lower charge transfer resistance. SWV measurements provide a wide linear response range (7.5–300 μM); lower limit of detection (0.66 μM), excellent limit of quantification (2.19 μM) and good reproducibility to ZCNT 0.1 NCs as compared to others for 5-HT sensing studies.

    ORCID iDs

    Mullani, Sajid B., Dhodamani, Abanta G., Shellikeri, Annadanesh, Mullani, Navaj B., Tawade, Anita K., Tavade, Shivaji N., Biscay, Julien, Dennany, Lynn ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5481-1066 and Delekar, Sagar D.;