Meta-analysis of indoor temperatures in new-build housing

McGill, Gráinne and Sharpe, Tim and Robertson, Lynette and Gupta, Rajat and Mawditt, Ian (2017) Meta-analysis of indoor temperatures in new-build housing. Building Research and Information, 45 (1-2). pp. 19-39. ISSN 1466-4321 (

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Despite growing concerns about overheating, a lack of evidence exists on the scale of the problem, particularly in contemporary UK housing. This paper presents the results of a meta-analysis of indoor temperatures in selected low-energy housing. Temperature data recorded at five-minute intervals in 60 dwellings across 19 demonstration projects (2012–14) were collated and analysed to investigate the prevalence of overheating. Findings evidence high summertime temperatures, with 27% of living rooms exceeding 28°C during August. Based on the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) threshold of 5% annual occupied hours > 25°C, 57% of bedrooms and 75% of living rooms were classified as having overheated. Overall, 30% of living rooms exceeded the adaptive comfort threshold of > 3% occupied hours ΔT ≥ 1 K. The results suggest a fundamental relationship between ventilation and indoor temperatures. The higher minimum and average summertime temperatures observed in mechanical ventilation with heat recovery (MVHR) homes (p < 0.05) and lower temperature range (p < 0.001) suggest the need for greater attention to adequate summertime ventilation provision in airtight homes. The results demonstrate a high prevalence of overheating in exemplary housing, indicating the need for greater efforts to ensure the effective implementation of strategies to minimize overheating and improve ventilation in low-energy homes.


McGill, Gráinne ORCID logoORCID:, Sharpe, Tim ORCID logoORCID:, Robertson, Lynette, Gupta, Rajat and Mawditt, Ian;