Asymmetric balance in symmetry breaking

Garbin, Bruno and Fatome, Julien and Oppo, Gian-Luca and Erkintalo, Miro and Murdoch, Stuart G. and Coen, Stéphane (2020) Asymmetric balance in symmetry breaking. Physical Review Research, 2 (2). 023244. ISSN 2643-1564

[img]
Preview
Text (Garbin-etal-PRR-2020-Asymmetric-balance-in-symmetry)
Garbin_etal_PRR_2020_Asymmetric_balance_in_symmetry.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (4MB)| Preview

    Abstract

    Spontaneous symmetry breaking is central to our understanding of physics and explains many natural phenomena, from cosmic scales to subatomic particles. Its use for applications requires devices with a high level of symmetry, but engineered systems are always imperfect. Surprisingly, the impact of such imperfections has barely been studied, and restricted to a single asymmetry. Here, we experimentally study spontaneous symmetry breaking with two controllable asymmetries. We remarkably find that features typical of spontaneous symmetry breaking, while destroyed by one asymmetry, can be restored by introducing a second asymmetry. In essence, asymmetries are found to balance each other. Our study illustrates aspects of the universal unfolding of the pitchfork bifurcation, and provides insights into a key fundamental process. It also has practical implications, showing that asymmetry can be exploited as an additional degree of freedom. In particular, it could enable sensors based on symmetry breaking or exceptional points to reach divergent sensitivity even in presence of imperfections. Our experimental implementation built around an optical fiber ring additionally constitutes observation of the polarization symmetry breaking of passive driven nonlinear resonators.