Ten-year performance of Influenzanet : ILI time series, risks, vaccine effects, and care-seeking behaviour

van Noort, Sander P. and Codeço, Cláudia T. and Koppeschaar, Carl E. and van Ranst, Marc and Paolotti, Daniela and Gomes, M. Gabriela M. (2015) Ten-year performance of Influenzanet : ILI time series, risks, vaccine effects, and care-seeking behaviour. Epidemics, 13. pp. 28-36. ISSN 1755-4365

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    Abstract

    Recent public health threats have propelled major innovations on infectious disease monitoring, culminating in the development of innovative syndromic surveillance methods. Influenzanet is an internet-based system that monitors influenza-like illness (ILI) in cohorts of self-reporting volunteers in European countries since 2003. We investigate and confirm coherence through the first ten years in comparison with ILI data from the European Influenza Surveillance Network and demonstrate country-specific behaviour of participants with ILI regarding medical care seeking. Using regression analysis, we determine that chronic diseases, being a child, living with children, being female, smoking and pets at home, are all independent predictors of ILI risk, whereas practicing sports and walking or bicycling for locomotion are associated with a small risk reduction. No effect for using public transportation or living alone was found. Furthermore, we determine the vaccine effectiveness for ILI for each season.