Investigating the influence of a powder compact's geometry on its pore structure and optical properties using terahertz spectroscopy

Bawuah, P. and Dong, R. and Al-Sharabi, M. and Markl, D. and Zeitler, J. A.; (2019) Investigating the influence of a powder compact's geometry on its pore structure and optical properties using terahertz spectroscopy. In: IRMMW-THz 2019 - 44th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves. International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz . IEEE, FRA. ISBN 9781538682852

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    Abstract

    In this study, terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is used to analyze how the geometry of a compact affects its pore structure (pore shape and orientation). By using flat-faced and biconvex compacts, it was evident from our analysis that pores tend to assume specific shapes and orientations based on the compact's geometry and this was found to significantly affect the extracted optical properties of samples prepared by mixing a material with polyethylene (PE) as diluent and subsequent compaction. However, such sensitivity to the pore properties opens a number of industrial applications such as for quality testing of pharmaceutical tablets. A comparison made between the PE based compacts and a set of pharmaceutical tablets prepared from the same formulation has revealed that flatfaced and biconvex compacts possess different pore geometries and hence different optical properties.