Clean cooking fuel and sustainable development in developing countries : an overview

Garba, Ifeoluwa and Bellingham, Richard (2019) Clean cooking fuel and sustainable development in developing countries : an overview. In: 42nd IAEE International Conference, 2019-05-29 - 2019-06-01, HEC Montréal.

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Enabling access to energy is vital in addressing many of the present global development issues which affect people's economic, health and social well-being as well as the ability to meet the goal of reducing carbon emissions through clean energy use (International Energy Agency (IEA), 2016). Nonetheless, in spite of increased attention from multiple agencies and governments, energy poverty remains a severe development issue: particularly in developing countries, where access to modern energy systems is mostly embryonic. Yet, to date, most research have focused on general access to electricity and the generation of clean energy to replace fossil fuels, failing to address the lack of basic access to clean energy for cooking and heating (Saracini, 2014). In this paper, we address this gap by reviewing the issue of lack of access to clean cooking fuel as well as providing empirical evidence of the impact of use of solid fuel on economic development (using Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as indicator).