Assessment of wind turbine aero-hydro-servo-elastic modelling on the effects of mooring line tension via deep learning

Lin, Zi and Liu, Xiaolei (2020) Assessment of wind turbine aero-hydro-servo-elastic modelling on the effects of mooring line tension via deep learning. Energies, 13 (9). 2264. ISSN 1996-1073

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    Abstract

    As offshore wind turbines are moving to deeper water depths, mooring systems are becoming more and more significant for floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs). Mooring line failures could affect power generations of FOWTs and ultimately incur risk to nearby structures. Among different failure mechanics, an excessive mooring line tension is one of the most essential factors contributing to mooring failure. Even advanced sensing offers an effective way of failure detections, but it is still difficult to comprehend why failures happened. Unlike traditional parametric studies that are computational and time-intensive, this paper applies deep learning to investigate the major driven force on the mooring line tension. A number of environmental conditions are considered, ranging from cut in to cut out wind speeds. Before formatting input data into the deep learning model, a FOWT model of dynamics was simulated under pre-defined environmental conditions. Both taut and slack mooring configurations were considered in the current study. Results showed that the most loaded mooring line tension was mainly determined by the surge motion, regardless of mooring line configurations, while the blade and the tower elasticity were less significant in predicting mooring line tension.