Is international tax competition only about taxes? A market-based perspective

Wooton, Ian and Desbordes, Rodolphe and Azémar, Céline (2020) Is international tax competition only about taxes? A market-based perspective. Journal of Comparative Economics. ISSN 0147-5967 (In Press)

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    Abstract

    This paper revisits tax competition among governments for foreign direct investment (FDI) by considering the role played by the economic dynamism of competitors on the setting of corporate tax rates (CTRs). Using a database with worldwide coverage over the period 1995-2014, we find that strong growth performance of neighbouring countries is associated with a lower CTR, especially in developed countries. This spatial effect is particularly manifest if competing countries are large and open to capital flows. These results appear to hold in most regions of the world and suggest that governments perceive foreign economic dynamism as a threat, leading them to reduce their CTRs to maintain their FDI attractiveness.