Quantum magnetism with ultracold bosons carrying orbital angular momentum

Pelegrí, G. and Mompart, J. and Ahufinger, V. and Daley, A. J. (2019) Quantum magnetism with ultracold bosons carrying orbital angular momentum. Physical Review A, 100 (2). 023615. ISSN 1094-1622

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    We show how strongly correlated ultracold bosonic atoms loaded in specific orbital angular momentum states of arrays of cylindrically symmetric potentials can realize a variety of spin-1/2 models of quantum magnetism. We consider explicitly the dependence of the effective couplings on the geometry of the system and demonstrate that several models of interest related to a general XYZ Heisenberg model with external field can be obtained. Furthermore, we discuss how the relative strength of the effective couplings can be tuned and which phases can be explored by doing so in realistic setups. Finally, we address questions concerning the experimental readout and implementation and we argue that the stability of the system can be enhanced by using ring-shaped trapping potentials.