Comparative study of the discrete velocity and the moment method for rarefied gas flows

Yang, Weiqi and Gu, Xiao Jun and Emerson, David and Zhang, Yonghao and Tang, Shuo (2019) Comparative study of the discrete velocity and the moment method for rarefied gas flows. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2132. 120006. ISSN 1551-7616

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    In the study of rarefied gas dynamics, the discrete velocity method (DVM) has been widely employed to solve the gas kinetic equations. However, it is usually computationally expensive in dealing with complex geometry and high Mach number flows. In the present work, both classical third-order time implicit DVM and the moment method are employed in finding steady-state solutions of the force-driven Poiseuille flow and flow past a circle cylinder. Their performance, in terms of accuracy, has been compared and analyzed. Choosing the velocity distribution functions (VDFs) obtained from DVM solutions as the benchmark, we reconstruct the expanded VDFs using regularized 13 moment equations (R13) and regularized 26 moment equations (R26) and then compare the accuracy of the expanded VDFs with different order of Hermite polynomial expansions. From the computed velocity profiles and reconstructed VDFs, we have found that the moment method can extend the macroscopic equations into the early transition regime, and the R26 can relatively accurately represent the characteristics of the VDFs in comparison with the gas kinetic model. Conversely, the Navier-Stokes-Fourier (NSF) equations are not able to produce an accurate description of the expanded distribution functions.