Combining feature fusion and decision fusion for classification of hyperspectral and LiDAR data

Liao, Wenzhi and Bellens, Rik and Pizurica, Aleksandra and Gautama, Sidharta and Philips, Wilfried and Bernier, Monique and Lévesque, Josée and Garneau, Jean-Marc and LeDrew, Ellsworth (2014) Combining feature fusion and decision fusion for classification of hyperspectral and LiDAR data. In: 2014 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS, 2014-07-13 - 2014-07-18.

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    This paper proposes a method to combine feature fusion and decision fusion together for multi-sensor data classification. First, morphological features which contain elevation and spatial information, are generated on both LiDAR data and the first few principal components (PCs) of original hyperspectral (HS) image. We got the fused features by projecting the spectral (original HS image), spatial and elevation features onto a lower subspace through a graph-based feature fusion method. Then, we got four classification maps by using spectral features, spatial features, elevation features and the graph fused features individually as input of SVM classifier. The final classification map was obtained by fusing the four classification maps through the weighted majority voting. Experimental results on fusion of HS and LiDAR data from the 2013 IEEE GRSS Data Fusion Contest demonstrate effectiveness of the proposed method. Compared to the methods using single data source or only feature fusion, with the proposed method, overall classification accuracies were improved by 10% and 2%, respectively.