Group sparse representation based on nonlocal spatial and local spectral similarity for hyperspectral imagery classification

Yu, Haoyang and Gao, Lianru and Liao, Wenzhi and Zhang, Bing (2018) Group sparse representation based on nonlocal spatial and local spectral similarity for hyperspectral imagery classification. Sensors, 18 (6). 1695. ISSN 1424-8220

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    Abstract

    Spectral-spatial classification has been widely applied for remote sensing applications, especially for hyperspectral imagery. Traditional methods mainly focus on local spatial similarity and neglect nonlocal spatial similarity. Recently, nonlocal self-similarity (NLSS) has gradually gained support since it can be used to support spatial coherence tasks. However, these methods are biased towards the direct use of spatial information as a whole, while discriminative spectral information is not well exploited. In this paper, we propose a novel method to couple both nonlocal spatial and local spectral similarity together in a single framework. In particular, the proposed approach exploits nonlocal spatial similarities by searching non-overlapped patches, whereas spectral similarity is analyzed locally within the locally discovered patches. By fusion of nonlocal and local information, we then apply group sparse representation (GSR) for classification based on a group structured prior. Experimental results on three real hyperspectral data sets demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed approach, and the improvements are significant over the methods that consider either nonlocal or local similarity