An atmospheric phase screen estimation strategy based on multi-chromatic analysis for differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar

Biondi, Filippo and Clemente, Carmine and Orlando, Danilo (2019) An atmospheric phase screen estimation strategy based on multi-chromatic analysis for differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 57 (9). pp. 7269-7280. ISSN 0196-2892

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    Abstract

    In synthetic aperture radar (SAR), the separation of the height between the ground subsidence phase components and the atmospheric phase delay mixed in the global SAR interferometry (InSAR) phase information is an issue of primary concern in the remote sensing community. This paper describes a complete procedure to address the challenge to estimate the atmospheric phase screen and to separate the three-phase components by exploiting only one InSAR image couple. This solution has the capability to process persistent scatterers subsidence maps potentially using only two multitemporal InSAR couples observed in any atmospheric condition. The solution is obtained by emulating the atmosphere compensation technique that is largely used by the global positioning system where two frequencies are used in order to estimate and compensate the positioning errors due to atmosphere parameters' variations. A sub-chirping and sub-Doppler algorithm for atmospheric compensation is proposed, which allows the successful separation of the height from the subsidence and the atmosphere parameters from the interferometric phase observed on one InSAR couple. The results are given processing images of two InSAR couples observed by the COSMO-SkyMed satellite system.