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A study on evaluating the status of current occupational training in the ship recycling industry in Bangladesh

Gunbeyaz, Sefer A. and Kurt, Rafet E. and Baumler, Raphael (2019) A study on evaluating the status of current occupational training in the ship recycling industry in Bangladesh. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs. ISSN 1651-436X

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As a major contributor to steel production in Bangladesh, ship recycling industry became a vital component of the country’s economy. After four decades of growth, currently Bangladesh races with India and leads the international ship recycling industry according to total scrap tonnage values in 2015 and 2016. In Chittagong area, ship recycling sector and related downstream activities employ a large workforce and provide resources to nearby communities. Despite its profitability and income generation, poor working practices and low environmental standards tarnish the image of the sector at national and international levels. The numerous accidents and fatalities in ship breaking processes highlight the low consideration for Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) standards. Due to using seasonal migrant workers who are unfamiliar with industrial settings, most ship recycling employees in Bangladesh does not have a proper understanding of safety which is required to work in a ship recycling yard. Therefore, training of workers is one of the alarming issues which is necessary to be addressed in Bangladeshi yards. In this study related to IMO-NORAD SENSREC project, the ship breaking industry has been studied to identify the extent of training issues. Existing condition of the training has been assessed and compared with IMO’s Hong Kong Convention and ILO requirements. Then, detailed recommendations have been provided to enhance the training programme in Bangladesh.