Theory-based approach to goal setting

Scobbie, Lesley and Dixon, Diane; Siegert, Richard J. and Levack, William M. M., eds. (2014) Theory-based approach to goal setting. In: Rehabilitation Goal Setting. CRC Press, London, pp. 213-236. ISBN 9781439863305

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Abstract

We begin this chapter with an overview of what theory is and what it can be used for. We suggest that theory is central to the development of a cumulative evidence base, especially in an area as complex as rehabilitation. However, it is possible to identify numerous theories relevant to rehabilitation in general and goal setting in particular. As a consequence, researchers and practitioners are faced with the problem of selecting a theory or theories suitable for their particular problem or question. Theory integration may offer a solution to this problem and we discuss recent work on theory integration in relation to goal setting within rehabilitation. We then go on to illustrate the process of theory selection and development by describing, in detail, a programme of work to develop a theory-based goal-setting professional practice framework. This practice framework focuses on stroke rehabilitation in a community setting but the development process is easily transferred across health conditions and settings.