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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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Seafarers' current awareness, knowledge, motivation and ideas towards low carbon – energy efficient operations

Banks, Charlotte and Turan, Osman and Incecik, Atilla and Lazakis, Iraklis and Lu, Ruihua (2014) Seafarers' current awareness, knowledge, motivation and ideas towards low carbon – energy efficient operations. Journal of Shipping and Ocean Engineering, 2014 (2). pp. 11-20.

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International and National concern about detrimental climate change has generated pressure for the shipping industry to play its’ role in reducing the 3.3% of global carbon emission it emits; based on 2007 figures. On the 1st January 2013 the International Maritime Organisation enforced regulations to support the reduction of shipping carbon emissions by improving energy efficiency. These measures directly and indirectly affect the daily operations of seafarers, onshore performance personnel, and managerial personnel with influence over operational procedures. Consequently, these personnel need the awareness, knowledge, skills, and motivation to successfully implement required operational changes; yet there is no formalised framework for providing this. Focusing on seafarers, a questionnaire was distributed in the last quarter of 2011 to investigate current levels of awareness, knowledge and motivation towards carbon emissions in general and towards shipping carbon emissions. It also investigated opinions as to which personnel have the most influence over carbon reduction and what are the most important operational improvements that can be made. 317 questionnaire responses were collected. The primary benefit of this study is to support the development of a framework including Low Carbon – Energy Efficiency maritime education and training program which is shown to be needed.