Characterisation of a 200 kW/400 kWh vanadium redox flow battery

Bryans, Declan and Amstutz, Véronique and Girault, Hubert H. and Berlouis, Leonard E. A. (2018) Characterisation of a 200 kW/400 kWh vanadium redox flow battery. Batteries, 4 (4). 54. ISSN 2313-0105 (

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The incessant growth in energy demand has resulted in the deployment of renewable energy generators to reduce the impact of fossil fuel dependence. However, these generators often suffer from intermittency and require energy storage when there is over-generation and the subsequent release of this stored energy at high demand. One such energy storage technology that could provide a solution to improving energy management, as well as offering spinning reserve and grid stability, is the redox flow battery (RFB). One such system is the 200 kW/400 kWh vanadium RFB installed in the energy station at Martigny, Switzerland. This RFB utilises the excess energy from renewable generation to support the energy security of the local community, charge electric vehicle batteries, or to provide the power required to an alkaline electrolyser to produce hydrogen as a fuel for use in fuel cell vehicles. In this article, this vanadium RFB is fully characterised in terms of the system and electrochemical energy efficiency, with the focus being placed on areas of internal energy consumption from the regulatory systems and energy losses from self-discharge/side reactions.


Bryans, Declan ORCID logoORCID:, Amstutz, Véronique, Girault, Hubert H. and Berlouis, Leonard E. A. ORCID logoORCID:;