Sensitivity analysis of different capacity spectrum approaches to assumptions in the modeling, capacity and demand representations

Rossetto, Tiziana and Gehl, Pierre and Minas, Stylianos and Nassirpour, Arash and Macabuag, Joshua and Duffour, Philippe and Douglas, John (2014) Sensitivity analysis of different capacity spectrum approaches to assumptions in the modeling, capacity and demand representations. In: Vulnerability, Uncertainty, and Risk. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, Virginia, pp. 1665-1674. ISBN 9780784413609

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    Abstract

    Several capacity spectrum assessment methods exist for determination of structural performance of building models subjected to earthquake loading. The repetition of such analysis for earthquakes of increasing intensity will result in the derivation of analytical fragility functions. A comparison of three capacity spectrum assessment approaches (N2, SPO2IDA and FRACAS) has been carried out, highlighting the advantages and limitations of the approaches. Two experimental case studies have been chosen to evaluate the IM-EDP (Sa-Sd, ISDmax%) estimates obtained from the three different capacity spectrum procedures, as well as from non-linear time-history analyses (NLTHA). It is found that all three approaches perform well in estimating the response of a simple steel frame, but that FRACAS provides the best estimate of the response of an irregular reinforced concrete frame. It is concluded that further comparisons of the capacity spectrum approaches with large-scale experiments on structures are required to draw more general conclusions.