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Provision of ancillary services by renewable hybrid generation in low frequency AC systems to the grid

Dong, J. and Attya, A.B. and Anaya-Lara, O. (2019) Provision of ancillary services by renewable hybrid generation in low frequency AC systems to the grid. International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 105. pp. 775-784. ISSN 0142-0615

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Abstract

Wind energy high penetration levels in power systems lead to continuous power imbalance due to the intermittent nature of wind power. This paper proposes and investigates different methods to enable a hybrid generation system to provide frequency support to the grid. The hybrid generation is 100% renewable and composed of a wind farm and hydropower plant (HPP) of comparable generation capacities, and they are interconnected through a Low Frequency AC system (LFAC). The grid–tie is composed of a Voltage-Source Converter based High-Voltage, Direct Current (VSC-HVDC) junction that acts as frequency changer to maintain the grid nominal frequency. The HPP provides two types of ancillary services: wind power smoothing and frequency drops mitigation to avoid the use of thermal generation and battery energy storage. The paper offers different control methods to provide the two AS with improved coordination between the different controls in the hybrid generation system and complying with the common requirements of Grid Codes. The results obtained show that the frequency at the LFAC can tolerate mild drops to provide frequency support to the grid. The controllers’ parameters have a clear impact on the frequency response at both systems. Simulation environment is MATLAB and Simulink.