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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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Understanding spatial related network challenges from physical and network layers

Lim, Cheng Leong and Goh, Cindy and Khan, Asiya and Li, Yun (2017) Understanding spatial related network challenges from physical and network layers. In: 2017 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications, ICNC 2017. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ., pp. 368-373. ISBN 9781509045884

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Wireless Sensor Network's communication reliability is greatly influenced by the spatial related network challenges found in the physical space between communicating nodes. In this paper, ZigBee based sensor nodes are experimented under the influence of two distinct spatial related network challenges (i) poor deployed environment and (ii) human movements. WSN parameters obtained are used to develop an ANFIS based model designed to predict these spatial related network challenges. Using ANFIS model prediction accuracies as performance indices, WSN parameters are analysed from the physical and network layers perspective. Physical layer's link properties, reception strength and reception variability, are shown to be key indicators to spatial related network challenges. The parameters observed are Mean RSSI, Average Coefficient of Variation RSSI, Neighbour Table Connectivity and Bi-directional Neighbour Table Connectivity.