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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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Modeling the effect of occupants' behavior on household carbon emissions

Motawa, Ibrahim and Oladokun, Michael (2018) Modeling the effect of occupants' behavior on household carbon emissions. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. ISSN 0887-3828 (In Press)

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Abstract

Occupants’ behavior has proven its significant impact on buildings performance. The research on carbon emissions has therefore recommended the integration of the technical and behavioral disciplines in order to accurately predict buildings carbon emissions. While various models were developed that consider the actions of occupants based on quantitative data, there are little efforts that link the impact of occupants’ behavior on selected energy strategies while also consider the economic, technological, and environmental impacts. For this research, a dynamic model will be developed to simulate the interaction of occupants’ behavior with various energy efficient scenarios to reduce carbon emissions. The model will help test the effectiveness of certain energy efficient scenarios before implementation. This paper illustrates the structure and the application of the proposed model. The model results show that the behavioral change can contribute enormously to the carbon emissions reduction even without the installation of more energy efficient improvements