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Numerical study of an individual Taylor bubble rising through stagnant liquids under laminar flow regime

Massoud, E.Z. and Xiao, Q. and El-Gamal, H.A. and Teamah, M.A. (2018) Numerical study of an individual Taylor bubble rising through stagnant liquids under laminar flow regime. Ocean Engineering, 162. pp. 117-137. ISSN 0029-8018

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Slug flow is one of the main flow regimes encountered in multiphase flow systems especially in oil and gas production systems. In the present study, the rise of single Taylor bubble through vertical stagnant Newtonian liquid is investigated by performing complete dimensionless treatment followed by an order of magnitude analysis of the terms of equations of motion. Based on this analysis, it is concluded that Froude, E€otv€os and Reynolds numbers are the sole physical parameters influencing the dimensionless slug flow equations. Using the guidelines of the order of magnitude analysis, computational fluid dynamics simulation is carried out to investigate the dynamics of Taylor bubbles in vertical pipe using the volume-of-fluid (VOF) method. Good agreement with previous experimental data and models available in the literature is established confirming that the density ratio, viscosity ratio and the initial ratio of bubble size to pipe diameter ðLTB=DÞ have minimal effect on the main hydrodynamic features of slug flow. Based on the developed results, correlations for the terminal velocity of the Taylor bubble and the dimensionless wall shear stress are proposed showing the significance of these main dimensionless parameters and support other important theoretical and experimental work available in the literature.