Assessment of optimal design methods of viscous dampers

Altieri, Domenico and Tubaldi, Enrico and Patelli, Edoardo and Dall'Asta, Andrea (2017) Assessment of optimal design methods of viscous dampers. Procedia Engineering, 199. pp. 1152-1157. ISSN 1877-7058

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    Abstract

    Viscous dampers are often used for seismic protection and performance enhancement of building frames. The optimal design of such devices requires the modelling and propagation of the uncertainties related to the earthquake hazard. Different approaches are available for the seismic input characterisation and for the probabilistic response evaluation. This work analyzes the effect of different characterizations of the seismic input and of the response evaluation on the design of dampers for building frames. The seismic input is represented as a stochastic process and the optimal damper properties are found via a reliability-based design procedure aiming at controlling the frame performance while limiting the damper cost. Two simplified approaches are used to design the viscous damper of a multi-storey steel frame and the design results are compared with those obtained by considering a rigorous design approach resorting to advanced simulations for the response assessment. The first methodology evaluates the response through a prefixed probabilistic demand model, while the second approach considers the average response for a given hazard level only. The comparison allows to evaluate and quantify the effect of the seismic input uncertainty treatment on the system and damper performances.