Reed canary grass : from production to end use

Jensen, Elaine and Casler, Michael and Farrar, Kerry and Finnan, John and Lord, Richard and Palmborg, Celia and Donnison, Iain (2018) Reed canary grass : from production to end use. In: Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts. Elsevier, Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp. 153-174. ISBN 9780128129005

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Abstract

The perennial reed canary grass (RCG) offers considerable potential as a bioenergy crop, including on marginal land. The knowledge that has been collected on the crop so far at a world level, covering the whole production chain, is presented in Chapter 5. It can be harvested for combustion, anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, gasification, and cellulosic ethanol production, and therefore also has potential for bioplastic production. It is a widely adapted temperate grass that is broadly tolerant of many stresses including flooding, drought, freezing, and grazing. RCG is found in a wide array of habitats, including wetlands, riparian zones, stream banks, irrigation channels, roadsides, forest margins, pastures, and disturbed areas, and has shown potential in diverse phytoremediation studies. RCG has a number of attributes that combine to make it a unique crop with an important role to play in the mix of energy crops grown in multiple geographies. This chapter reviews the many uses of RCG in the developing bioeconomy, highlighting the potential of this native European and North American crop in the future delivery of sustainable fossil fuel alternatives.