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Open Access research which pushes advances in bionanotechnology

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS) , based within the Faculty of Science.

SIPBS is a major research centre in Scotland focusing on 'new medicines', 'better medicines' and 'better use of medicines'. This includes the exploration of nanoparticles and nanomedicines within the wider research agenda of bionanotechnology, in which the tools of nanotechnology are applied to solve biological problems. At SIPBS multidisciplinary approaches are also pursued to improve bioscience understanding of novel therapeutic targets with the aim of developing therapeutic interventions and the investigation, development and manufacture of drug substances and products.

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Life cycle and cost assessment on engine selection for an offshore tug vessel

Oguz, E. and Jeong, B. and Wang, H. and Zhou, P. (2017) Life cycle and cost assessment on engine selection for an offshore tug vessel. In: Maritime Transportation and Harvesting of Sea Resources. Taylor & Francis, CRC Press, pp. 943-951. ISBN 978-0-8153-7993-5

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The objectives of this paper are to find the most cost effective and environmental friendly engine configuration and its application on an offshore tug vessel in aspects of cost-benefit and environmental impact. This aim was achieved by a comparison of two different engine configurations applicable to the propulsion system for a case ship, which is currently at design stage in a Turkish shipyard. Options of engine selections are to choose either two large medium speed diesel engines or four small high speed diesel engines connected to two gearbox and two shafts. A focus was placed on evaluating the cost-effectiveness and environmental-friendliness over the ship’s potential life ranging from construction to scrapping/recycling including operation and maintenance. Throughout the life cycle of the case ship, this study tracked the flows of cash, energy and emission associated with the cradle-to-grave process of such engines application to the case ship and quantified them as meaningful data for decision-making. Research findings clearly revealed that the application of four smaller engines to the subject ship is more advantageous than two medium en-gines in terms of cost and environment. In a general view, the results indicate that the option of multiple small en-gines provides high flexibility in engine operation according to various load profiles, therefore less energy consump-tion and emissions can be achieved.