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Surface-enhanced spatially-offset raman spectroscopy (SESORS) in tissue analogs

Asiala, Steven and Shand, Neil C. and Faulds, Karen and Graham, Duncan (2017) Surface-enhanced spatially-offset raman spectroscopy (SESORS) in tissue analogs. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. ISSN 1944-8244

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Abstract

Surface-enhanced, spatially-offset Raman spectroscopy (SESORS) combines the remarkable enhancements in sensitivity afforded by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) with the non-invasive, sub-surface sampling capabilities of spatially-offset Raman spectroscopy (SORS). Taken together, these techniques show great promise for in vivo Raman measurements. Herein, we present a step forward for this technique, demonstrating SESORS through tissue analogs of six known and varied thickness, with a large number of distinct spatial offsets, in a back-scattering optical geometry. This is accomplished by spin-coating SERS-active nanoparticles (NPs) on glass slides, and monitoring the relative spectral contribution from the NPs and tissue sections, respectively, as a function of both tissue thickness and spatial offset of the collection probe. The results show that SESORS outperforms SERS alone for this purpose, NP signal is attainable at tissue thicknesses in excess of 6.75 mm, and that greater tissue thicknesses require greater spatial offsets to maximize NP signal, all with an optical geometry optimized for utility. This demonstration represents a step forward toward the implementation of SESORS for non-invasive, in vivo analysis.