Health-related quality of life and associated factors among patients with diabetes mellitus in Botswana

Rwegerera, Godfrey Mutashambara and Moshomo, Thato and Gaenamong, Marea and Oyewo, Taibat Aderonke and Gollakota, Sivasomnath and Rivera, Yordanka Piña and Masaka, Anthony and Godman, Brian and Shimwela, Meshack and Habte, Dereje (2018) Health-related quality of life and associated factors among patients with diabetes mellitus in Botswana. Alexandria Journal of Medicine, 54 (2). pp. 111-118. ISSN 2090-5068

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    Abstract

    Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important aspect of diabetes mellitus care. The objective of the study was to determine the HRQOL of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in Botswana as little known in Africa. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study of 380 randomly selected DM patients in a tertiary clinic in Gaborone, Botswana was conducted to obtain Data on HRQOL and structured questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression to determine sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated. Results: Majority of patients were female with no formal education or primary level of education. Mean HbA1c was 7.97% (SD: 2.02) and most patients had poor glycemic control. The majority had both worse physical composite score (PCS-12) and mental composite score (MCS-12), with worse proportions of the two. Female gender, older age ≥ 65 years, and the presence of three or more documented diabetic complications were associated with significant worse PCS-12. Presence of two diabetic complications, three or more diabetic complications, and musculoskeletal disease were associated with significant MCS-12. Conclusions: Diabetic patients in Botswana have relatively poor HRQOL. The fact that most patients present late with complications calls for policy attention to diagnose diabetes mellitus early and prevent associated complications, ultimately improving health-related quality of life among diabetes mellitus patients.