Assessment of medication adherence among type 2 diabetic patients in Quetta city, Pakistan

Iqbal, Qaiser and Bashir, Sajid and Iqbal, Javeid and Iftikhar, Shehla and Godman, Brian (2017) Assessment of medication adherence among type 2 diabetic patients in Quetta city, Pakistan. Postgraduate Medicine, 129 (6). pp. 637-643. ISSN 1941-9260

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    Abstract

    Aims: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a growing burden among all countries including Pakistan, with medication adherence very important. However, little is known about medication adherence in Pakistan and potential predictors among T2DM patients to provide future guidance. This needs to be addressed. Consequently, the present study sought to assess medication adherence among type 2 diabetic patients in Quetta city, Pakistan. Methods: Questionnaire based, descriptive study among 300 Pakistani patients attending public and private hospitals aged 18 years and above, having a confirmed diagnosis of T2DM, without additional co-morbidities were targeted. Descriptive statistics were used to describe demographic and disease characteristics. The association between socio-demographic data and study variables was compared through Man Whitney / Kruskal Wallis test (where applicable). The factors that were significantly associated with medication adherence were further assessed by logistic regression analysis. Results: 55.6% of patients had high adherence although overall patients reported moderate adherence. Age, gender, education, diabetes-related knowledge and treatment satisfaction were significantly associated with medication adherence. Older males with only primary education and with poor diabetes-related knowledge had the lowest adherence. Conclusions: This study presents a model that is associated with medication adherence among T2DM patients, with disease-related knowledge as a significant predictor of likely adherence. Results of the current study revealed that improved diabetes related knowledge plays a significant role in improving medication adherence. Healthcare practitioners and the system should formalize and acknowledge patient education as a key component to treat patients with T2DM. This should include a greater role for pharmacists and other professionals.