An experimental investigation of the independent effect of suction and degree of saturation on very small-strain stiffness of unsaturated sand

Pagano, Arianna and Tarantino, Alessandro and Bagheri, Meghdad and Rezania, Mohammad and Sentenac, Phillippe (2016) An experimental investigation of the independent effect of suction and degree of saturation on very small-strain stiffness of unsaturated sand. E3S Web of Conferences, 9. 14015. ISSN 2267-1242

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    Abstract

    The paper presents an experimental investigation of very small strain stiffness of unsaturated sand. A triaxial test apparatus was equipped with bender elements and compression discs in order to assess the stiffness at very small strains by measuring the velocity of propagation of shear and compression waves through an unsaturated sample. The negative water column method was adopted to apply suction at the base of the sample. The experiments were designed to investigate the independent effect of suction and degree of saturation on the wave propagation velocities. This was achieved by testing the sand sample on both the drying and wetting path.