Exploring the sensitivity of next generation gravitational wave detectors

Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abbott, T. D. and Abernathy, M. R. and Ackley, K. and Adams, C. and Addesso, P. and Adhikari, R. X. and Adya, V. B. and Affeldt, C. and Aggarwal, N. and Aguiar, O. D. and Ain, A. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Altin, P. A. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Arai, K. and Araya, M. C. and Arceneaux, C. C. and Areeda, J. S. and Arun, K. G. and Ashton, G. and Ast, M. and Aston, S. M. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Baker, P. T. and Ballmer, S. W. and Barayoga, J. C. and Barclay, S. E. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, D. and Barr, B. and Barsotti, L. and Bartlett, J. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Batch, J. C. and Baune, C. and Bell, A. S. and Berger, B. K. and Bergmann, G. and Berry, C. P L and Betzwieser, J. and Bhagwat, S. and Bhandare, R. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Birch, J. and Birney, R. and Biscans, S. and Bisht, A. and Biwer, C. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blair, C. D. and Blair, D. G. and Blair, R. M. and Bock, O. and Bogan, C. and Bohe, A. and Bond, C. and Bork, R. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Brinkmann, M. and Brockill, P. and Broida, J. E. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. A. and Brown, D. D. and Brown, N. M. and Brunett, S. and Buchanan, C. C. and Buikema, A. and Buonanno, A. and Byer, R. L. and Cabero, M. and Cadonati, L. and Cahillane, C. and Calderón Bustillo, J. and Callister, T. and Camp, J. B. and Cannon, K. C. and Cao, J. and Capano, C. D. and Caride, S. and Caudill, S. and Cavaglià, M. and Cepeda, C. B. and Chamberlin, S. J. and Chan, M. and Chao, S. and Charlton, P. and Cheeseboro, B. D. and Chen, H. Y. and Chen, Y. and Cheng, C. and Cho, H. S. and Cho, M. and Chow, J. H. and Christensen, N. and Chu, Q. and Chung, S. and Ciani, G. and Clara, F. and Clark, J. A. and Collette, C. G. and Cominsky, L. and Constancio, M. and Cook, D. and Corbitt, T. R. and Cornish, N. and Corsi, A. and Costa, C. A. and Coughlin, M. W. and Coughlin, S. B. and Countryman, S. T. and Couvares, P. and Cowan, E. E. and Coward, D. M. and Cowart, M. J. and Coyne, D. C. and Coyne, R. and Craig, K. and Creighton, J. D E and Cripe, J. and Crowder, S. G. and Cumming, A. and Cunningham, L. and Dal Canton, T. and Danilishin, S. L. and Danzmann, K. and Darman, N. S. and Dasgupta, A. and Da Silva Costa, C. F. and Dave, I. and Davies, G. S. and Daw, E. J. and De, S. and Debra, D. and Del Pozzo, W. and Denker, T. and Dent, T. and Dergachev, V. and Derosa, R. T. and Desalvo, R. and Devine, R. C. and Dhurandhar, S. and Díaz, M. C. and Di Palma, I. and Donovan, F. and Dooley, K. L. and Doravari, S. and Douglas, R. and Downes, T. P. and Drago, M. and Drever, R. W P and Driggers, J. C. and Dwyer, S. E. and Edo, T. B. and Edwards, M. C. and Effler, A. and Eggenstein, H. B. and Ehrens, P. and Eichholz, J. and Eikenberry, S. S. and Engels, W. and Essick, R. C. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. M. and Everett, R. and Factourovich, M. and Fair, H. and Fairhurst, S. and Fan, X. and Fang, Q. and Farr, B. and Farr, W. M. and Favata, M. and Fays, M. and Fehrmann, H. and Fejer, M. M. and Fenyvesi, E. and Ferreira, E. C. and Fisher, R. P. and Fletcher, M. and Frei, Z. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fulda, P. and Fyffe, M. and Gabbard, H. A G and Gair, J. R. and Gaonkar, S. G. and Gaur, G. and Gehrels, N. and Geng, P. and George, J. and Gergely, L. and Ghosh, Abhirup and Ghosh, Archisman and Giaime, J. A. and Giardina, K. D. and Gill, K. and Glaefke, A. and Goetz, E. and Goetz, R. and Gondan, L. and González, G. and Gopakumar, A. and Gordon, N. A. and Gorodetsky, M. L. and Gossan, S. E. and Graef, C. and Graff, P. B. and Grant, A. and Gras, S. and Gray, C. and Green, A. C. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Guo, X. and Gupta, A. and Gupta, M. K. and Gushwa, K. E. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Hacker, J. J. and Hall, B. R. and Hall, E. D. and Hammond, G. and Haney, M. and Hanke, M. M. and Hanks, J. and Hanna, C. and Hannam, M. D. and Hanson, J. and Hardwick, T. and Harry, G. M. and Harry, I. W. and Hart, M. J. and Hartman, M. T. and Haster, C. J. and Haughian, K. and Heintze, M. C. and Hendry, M. and Heng, I. S. and Hennig, J. and Henry, J. and Heptonstall, A. W. and Heurs, M. and Hild, S. and Hoak, D. and Holt, K. and Holz, D. E. and Hopkins, P. and Hough, J. and Houston, E. A. and Howell, E. J. and Hu, Y. M. and Huang, S. and Huerta, E. A. and Hughey, B. and Husa, S. and Huttner, S. H. and Huynh-Dinh, T. and Indik, N. and Ingram, D. R. and Inta, R. and Isa, H. N. and Isi, M. and Isogai, T. and Iyer, B. R. and Izumi, K. and Jang, H. and Jani, K. and Jawahar, S. and Jian, L. and Jiménez-Forteza, F. and Johnson, W. W. and Jones, D. I. and Jones, R. and Ju, L. and Haris, K. and Kalaghatgi, C. V. and Kalogera, V. and Kandhasamy, S. and Kang, G. and Kanner, J. B. and Kapadia, S. J. and Karki, S. and Karvinen, K. S. and Kasprzack, M. and Katsavounidis, E. and Katzman, W. and Kaufer, S. and Kaur, T. and Kawabe, K. and Kehl, M. S. and Keitel, D. and Kelley, D. B. and Kells, W. and Kennedy, R. and Key, J. S. and Khalili, F. Y. and Khan, S. and Khan, Z. and Khazanov, E. A. and Kijbunchoo, N. and Kim, Chi Woong and Kim, Chunglee and Kim, J. and Kim, K. and Kim, N. and Kim, W. and Kim, Y. M. and Kimbrell, S. J. and King, E. J. and King, P. J. and Kissel, J. S. and Klein, B. and Kleybolte, L. and Klimenko, S. and Koehlenbeck, S. M. and Kondrashov, V. and Kontos, A. and Korobko, M. and Korth, W. Z. and Kozak, D. B. and Kringel, V. and Krueger, C. and Kuehn, G. and Kumar, P. and Kumar, R. and Kuo, L. and Lackey, B. D. and Landry, M. and Lange, J. and Lantz, B. and Lasky, P. D. and Laxen, M. and Lazzarini, A. and Leavey, S. and Lebigot, E. O. and Lee, C. H. and Lee, H. K. and Lee, H. M. and Lee, K. and Lenon, A. and Leong, J. R. and Levin, Y. and Lewis, J. B. and Li, T. G F and Libson, A. and Littenberg, T. B. and Lockerbie, N. A. and Lombardi, A. L. and London, L. T. and Lord, J. E. and Lormand, M. and Lough, J. D. and Lück, H. and Lundgren, A. P. and Lynch, R. and Ma, Y. and Machenschalk, B. and Macinnis, M. and Macleod, D. M. and Magaña-Sandoval, F. and Magaña Zertuche, L. and Magee, R. M. and Mandic, V. and Mangano, V. and Mansell, G. L. and Manske, M. and Márka, S. and Márka, Z. and Markosyan, A. S. and Maros, E. and Martin, I. W. and Martynov, D. V. and Mason, K. and Massinger, T. J. and Masso-Reid, M. and Matichard, F. and Matone, L. and Mavalvala, N. and Mazumder, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McCormick, S. and McGuire, S. C. and McIntyre, G. and McIver, J. and McManus, D. J. and McRae, T. and McWilliams, S. T. and Meacher, D. and Meadors, G. D. and Melatos, A. and Mendell, G. and Mercer, R. A. and Merilh, E. L. and Meshkov, S. and Messenger, C. and Messick, C. and Meyers, P. M. and Miao, H. and Middleton, H. and Mikhailov, E. E. and Miller, A. L. and Miller, A. and Miller, B. B. and Miller, J. and Millhouse, M. and Ming, J. and Mirshekari, S. and Mishra, C. and Mitra, S. and Mitrofanov, V. P. and Mitselmakher, G. and Mittleman, R. and Mohapatra, S. R P and Moore, B. C. and Moore, C. J. and Moraru, D. and Moreno, G. and Morriss, S. R. and Mossavi, K. and Mow-Lowry, C. M. and Mueller, G. and Muir, A. W. and Mukherjee, Arunava and Mukherjee, D. and Mukherjee, S. and Mukund, N. and Mullavey, A. and Munch, J. and Murphy, D. J. and Murray, P. G. and Mytidis, A. and Nayak, R. K. and Nedkova, K. and Nelson, T. J N and Neunzert, A. and Newton, G. and Nguyen, T. T. and Nielsen, A. B. and Nitz, A. and Nolting, D. and Normandin, M. E N and Nuttall, L. K. and Oberling, J. and Ochsner, E. and O'Dell, J. and Oelker, E. and Ogin, G. H. and Oh, J. J. and Oh, S. H. and Ohme, F. and Oliver, M. and Oppermann, P. and Oram, Richard J. and O'Reilly, B. and O'Shaughnessy, R. and Ottaway, D. J. and Overmier, H. and Owen, B. 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A. and Robie, R. and Rollins, J. G. and Roma, V. J. and Romanov, G. and Romie, J. H. and Rowan, S. and Rüdiger, A. and Ryan, K. and Sachdev, S. and Sadecki, T. and Sadeghian, L. and Sakellariadou, M. and Saleem, M. and Salemi, F. and Samajdar, A. and Sammut, L. and Sanchez, E. J. and Sandberg, V. and Sandeen, B. and Sanders, J. R. and Sathyaprakash, B. S. and Saulson, P. R. and Sauter, O. E S and Savage, R. L. and Sawadsky, A. and Schale, P. and Schilling, R. and Schmidt, J. and Schmidt, P. and Schnabel, R. and Schofield, R. M S and Schönbeck, A. and Schreiber, E. and Schuette, D. and Schutz, B. F. and Scott, J. and Scott, S. M. and Sellers, D. and Sengupta, A. S. and Sergeev, A. and Shaddock, D. A. and Shaffer, T. and Shahriar, M. S. and Shaltev, M. and Shapiro, B. and Shawhan, P. and Sheperd, A. and Shoemaker, D. H. and Shoemaker, D. M. and Siellez, K. and Siemens, X. and Sigg, D. and Silva, A. D. and Singer, A. and Singer, L. P. and Singh, A. and Singh, R. and Sintes, A. 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A. and Vahlbruch, H. and Vajente, G. and Valdes, G. and Vander-Hyde, D. C. and Van Veggel, A. A. and Vass, S. and Vaulin, R. and Vecchio, A. and Veitch, J. and Veitch, P. J. and Venkateswara, K. and Vinciguerra, S. and Vine, D. J. and Vitale, S. and Vo, T. and Vorvick, C. and Voss, D. V. and Vousden, W. D. and Vyatchanin, S. P. and Wade, A. R. and Wade, L. E. and Wade, M. and Walker, M. and Wallace, L. and Walsh, S. and Wang, H. and Wang, M. and Wang, X. and Wang, Y. and Ward, R. L. and Warner, J. and Weaver, B. and Weinert, M. and Weinstein, A. J. and Weiss, R. and Wen, L. and Weßels, P. and Westphal, T. and Wette, K. and Whelan, J. T. and Whiting, B. F. and Williams, R. D. and Williamson, A. R. and Willis, J. L. and Willke, B. and Wimmer, M. H. and Winkler, W. and Wipf, C. C. and Wittel, H. and Woan, G. and Woehler, J. and Worden, J. and Wright, J. L. and Wu, D. S. and Wu, G. and Yablon, J. and Yam, W. and Yamamoto, H. and Yancey, C. C. and Yu, H. and Zanolin, M. and Zevin, M. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, M. and Zhang, Y. and Zhao, C. and Zhou, M. and Zhou, Z. and Zhu, X. J. and Zucker, M. E. and Zuraw, S. E. and Zweizig, J. and Harms, J. (2017) Exploring the sensitivity of next generation gravitational wave detectors. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 34 (4). 044001. ISSN 0264-9381

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    Abstract

    The second-generation of gravitational-wave detectors are just starting operation, and have already yielding their first detections. Research is now concentrated on how to maximize the scientific potential of gravitational-wave astronomy. To support this effort, we present here design targets for a new generation of detectors, which will be capable of observing compact binary sources with high signal-to-noise ratio throughout the Universe.