Acceptor-donor-acceptor small molecules based on derivatives of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene for solution processed organic solar cells

Antwi, B. Y. and Taylor, R. G. D. and Cameron, J. and Owoare, R. B. and Kingsford-Adaboh, R. and Skabara, P. J. (2016) Acceptor-donor-acceptor small molecules based on derivatives of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene for solution processed organic solar cells. RSC Advances, 6 (101). pp. 98797-98803. ISSN 2046-2069

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    Abstract

    Three simple semiconducting acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A) small molecules based on an electron-rich (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) EDOT central core have been synthesised (DIN-2TE, DRH-2TE, DECA-2TE) and characterised. Organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices incorporating these materials have been prepared and evaluated. The physical properties of the molecules were characterised by TGA, DSC, UV/vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The optical HOMO-LUMO energy gaps of the molecules in the solid state were in the range 1.57-1.82 eV, and in solution 1.88-2.04 eV. Electrochemical HOMO-LUMO energy gaps determined by cyclic voltammetry were found to be in the range 1.97-2.31 eV. The addition of 1% 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO) to photoactive blends of the A-D-A molecules and PC71BM more than doubled the power conversion efficiency (PCE) in the case of DRH-2TE:PC71BM devices to 1.36%.