Nanoflow over a fractal surface

Papanikolaou, Michail and Frank, Michael and Drikakis, Dimitris (2016) Nanoflow over a fractal surface. Physics of Fluids, 28 (8). 082001. ISSN 1070-6631

[thumbnail of Papanikolaou-etal-POF-2016-Nanoflow-over-a-fractal]
Text. Filename: Papanikolaou_etal_POF_2016_Nanoflow_over_a_fractal.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (3MB)| Preview


    This paper investigates the effects of surface roughness on nanoflows using molecular dynamics simulations. A fractal model is employed to model wall roughness, and simulations are performed for liquid argon confined by two solid walls. It is shown that the surface roughness reduces the velocity in the proximity of the walls with the reduction being accentuated when increasing the roughness depth and wettability of the solid wall. It also makes the flow three-dimensional and anisotropic. In flows over idealized smooth surfaces, the liquid forms parallel, well-spaced layers, with a significant gap between the first layer and the solid wall. Rough walls distort the orderly distribution of fluid layers resulting in an incoherent formation of irregularly shaped fluid structures around and within the wall cavities.

    ORCID iDs

    Papanikolaou, Michail, Frank, Michael ORCID logoORCID: and Drikakis, Dimitris;