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Can we learn from aviation : safety enhancements in transport by achieving human orientated resilient shipping environment

Turan, Osman and Kurt, Rafet Emek and Arslan, Volkan and Silvagni, Sara and Ducci, Marco and Liston, Paul and Schraagen, Jan Maarten and Fang, Ivy and Papadakis, George (2016) Can we learn from aviation : safety enhancements in transport by achieving human orientated resilient shipping environment. Transportation Research Procedia, 14. 1669–1678. ISSN 2352-1465

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Abstract

It is well reported in the literature that more than 80% of shipping accidents are attributed to Human/organisational Error. Maritime community has realised that despite all the increased safety standards and technological developments, accidents are still occurring and the systems are not resilient to errors at various levels. The FP7 SEAHORSE project focuses on safety in marine transport by addressing human and organisational factors through transfer of well proven practices and methodologies from air transport to marine transport in an effective, collaborative and innovative manner. This will be primarily achieved by introducing the principles of resilience engineering in an integrated framework which will result in multi-level resilience that linking individuals, team, multi-party teams and organisations in ship operation that ultimately enhancing shipping safety. This paper presents similarities and gaps between two transport sectors while establishing the principles of transfer of skills, technology from aviation to maritime, which includes but not limited to rules, standard operating procedures, safety culture, just culture and mandatory safety reporting methodologies. The paper further present the feasible areas for transfer, experience gained during the transfer of technology/skills from air to marine while outlining the resilience framework adapted to maritime transport.