Research for research's sake? A critical reflections on the unintended consequences of academic entrepreneurship

Wurth, Bernd and Howick, Susan and MacKenzie, Niall (2015) Research for research's sake? A critical reflections on the unintended consequences of academic entrepreneurship. In: University-Industry Interaction Conference 2015, 2015-06-24 - 2015-06-26, DBB Forum. (Unpublished) (

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Much has been written about the crucial role that universities play during the transformation from a knowledge society to an entrepreneurial society as well as their importance for economic development. Numerous frameworks have been developed and studies conducted to assess the impact of universities. However, universities themselves underwent changes and their entrepreneurial activities have always been accompanied by scepticism and concerns. Some of them, such as the concern that there will be a shift from basic to more applied research, have, at least partially, been addressed. Our understanding of the dynamic behaviour is, nonetheless, still limited. This paper will enhance this discussion by applying systems thinking and the development of system archetypes at different levels of the university, namely for the top management, the department level and for individual academics. This systems perspective enables the identification of (unintended) consequences caused by feedback loops and the inclusion of soft factors such as the academic culture. Based on the insights provided from systems thinking, prescrip-tive actions are recommended. These action steps will support the decision-making at different levels within universities to avoid unintended consequences. Awareness of the potential unintended conse-quences is crucial for university management as well as TTO managers and even policy makers on the regional and national level. Considering these potential effects supports crafting more effective strategies and policies towards a sustainable balance between entrepreneurial activities and universities’ contribu-tion to society and economic development as well as unbiased research conducted at universities for the sake of the truth. Suggestions for further research are outlined.


Wurth, Bernd ORCID logoORCID:, Howick, Susan ORCID logoORCID: and MacKenzie, Niall;