Formation of lunar swirls

Bamford, R. A. and Alves, E.P. and Cruz, F. and Kellett, B. J. and Fonseca, R. A. and Silva, L.O and Trines, R.M.G.M. and Halekas, J.S. and Kramer, G. and Harnett, E. and Cairns, R.A. and Bingham, R. (2015) Formation of lunar swirls. Other., Ithaca, New York.

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In this paper we show a plausible mechanism that could lead to the formation of the Dark Lanes in Lunar Swirls We present the results of a fully self-consistent 2 and 3 dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of mini-magnetospheres that form above the lunar surface and show that they are consistent with the formation of `lunar swirls' such as the archetypal formation Reiner Gamma. The simulations show how the microphysics of the deflection/shielding of plasma operates from a kinetic-scale cavity