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Investigation of ship-bank, ship-bottom and ship-ship interactions by using potential flow method

Yuan, Z-M and Incecik, A (2016) Investigation of ship-bank, ship-bottom and ship-ship interactions by using potential flow method. In: 4th International Conference on Ship Manoeuvring in Shallow and Confined Water, 2016-05-23 - 2016-05-25, Hamburg, Germany.

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The authors were inspired by the benchmark model test data in MASHCON [1, 2] and carried out some numerical studies on ship-bank, ship-bottom and ship-ship interactions based on potential flow method in the last few years. In the confined waterways, many researchers question the applicability of the classical potential flow method. The main objective of the present paper is to present some validations of the 3D boundary element method (BEM) against the model test data to exam the feasibility of the potential method in predicting the hydrodynamic behaviour of the ships in confined water. The methodology used in the present paper is a 3D boundary element method based on Rankine type Green function. The numerical simulation is based on the in-house developed multi-body hydrodynamic interaction program MHydro. We calculate the wave elevations and forces (or moments) when the ship is manoeuvring in shallow and narrow channel, or when the two ships is travelling side by side or crossing each other. These calculations are compared with the benchmark test data, as well as the published CFD results. Generally, the agreement between the present calculations and model test and CFD results are satisfactory, which indicates that the potential flow method and developed program are still capable to predict the hydrodynamic interaction involved in ship-bank, ship-bottom and ship-ship problem.