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Results from the Japan 2016 report card on physical activity for children and youth

Tanaka, Chiaki and Tanaka, Shigeho and Inoue, Shigeru and Miyachi, Motohiko and Suzuki, Koya and Reilly, John J. (2016) Results from the Japan 2016 report card on physical activity for children and youth. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. pp. 1-24. ISSN 1543-3080 (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: The Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth aims to consolidate existing evidence, encourage more evidence-informed physical activity, and improve surveillance of physical activity. Methods: Application of Canada and Scotland Report Card methodology to Japan, adapted to Japanese circumstances and availability of data, and based on nationally representative surveys. Results: The 2016 Japan Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth consists of Health Behaviors and Outcomes (7 indicators); and Influences on Health Behaviors (4 indicators). Three Health Behaviors and Outcomes received C grades (Participation in Sport; Sedentary Behavior; Recreational Screen Time; Physical Fitness), while two indicators could not be graded (Overall Physical Activity, and Active Play). The indicators Active Transportation (B) and Weight Status were favorable (A). In the Influences domain, Family Influence and Community and the Built Environment were graded as D, while the School & Childcare Settings and the Government Strategies and Investments were favorable (B). Conclusions: The Japan report card illustrated some favorable health behaviors, health outcomes, and influences. There is a need for more evidence especially on overall physical activity, active play, and community and the built environment.