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FE simulation of the influence of die-elasticity on component dimensions in forward extrusion

Qin, Y. and Balendra, R. (1997) FE simulation of the influence of die-elasticity on component dimensions in forward extrusion. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 37 (2). pp. 183-192. ISSN 0890-6955

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The elastic behaviour of the forming die has a direct influence on the quality of the formed component. Simulation of material flow and of die deflection during forward extrusion was conducted using elastic and plastic considerations to establish the influence of die-elasticity on the form of the component under different processing conditions. The simulations show that the dimensions of the work-material are affected by die-elasticity during both, loading and unloading of the die. The change of the die-geometry does not produce obvious differences in the dimensions of the extrudate; however, it influences the geometric errors of the workpiece which is retained in the die. Larger values of friction in the injection chamber result in the corresponding increase of punch pressure which results in larger radial deflection of the die during extrusion (loading), the consequence being a greater variation in extrudate geometry. High levels of friction reduce the elastic contraction of the die during punch retraction (unloading), and hence, larger form-errors are sustained after unloading. The contraction of the die during unloading phase of the process causes plastic deformation of the work-material remaining in the injection-chamber; this plastic deformation is significant to the overall form-error of the component.