Picture of model of urban architecture

Open Access research that is exploring the innovative potential of sustainable design solutions in architecture and urban planning...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Department of Architecture based within the Faculty of Engineering.

Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

Explore all the Open Access research of the Department of Architecture. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

The European commission’s role in marine materials, equipment and components mutual recognition certification

Lazakis, Iraklis and Michala, Anna Lito and Turan, Osman (2016) The European commission’s role in marine materials, equipment and components mutual recognition certification. Journal of Contemporary European Research, 12 (3). ISSN 1815-347X (In Press)

Text (Lazakis-etal-JCER-2016-marine-materials-equipment-and-components-mutual-recognition-certification)
Accepted Author Manuscript
License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 logo

Download (219kB) | Preview


The European Commission has, in the past, updated regulations regarding marine operations in order to enhance safety and protection of the environment. In that respect and with the scope to enhance safety onboard ships, Regulation No 391/2009 and in particular Article 10.1 on certification of ships, suggested that European Union Recognised Organisations (EU ROs) should harmonise their rules and procedures related to certification of materials, equipment and components based on equivalent standards issued by them. As a result the EU ROs Mutual Recognition (MR) scheme was initiated. This paper investigates the current implementation of the requirements of Article 10 through a developed questionnaire and case studies. The results have shown that the current level of implementation is regarded as acceptable and safety is adhered to the highest standard. Moreover, the current implementation needs further improvement and harmonisation of individual rules may be required. EU RO requirements can be further developed in the future as the overall process matures. Additional information and dissemination of the overall MR process is also required engaging additional stakeholders in the marine industry. However, the expansion of the scheme presents challenging issues to overcome including the global acceptance of the MR certification.