Terahertz radiation from plasma filament generated by two-color laser gas–plasma interaction

Magesh Kumar, K. K. and Kumar, M. and Yuan, T. and Sheng, Z. M. and Chen, M. (2015) Terahertz radiation from plasma filament generated by two-color laser gas–plasma interaction. Laser and Particle Beams, 33 (03). pp. 473-479. ISSN 1469-803X

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    Abstract

    We develop a theoretical model for terahertz (THz) radiation generation, when an intense short laser pulse (ω1, k 1) is mixed with its frequency shifted second harmonic (ω2, k 2), where ω2 = 2ω1 + ωT and ωT is in the THz range in the plasma. The lasers exert a ponderomotive force on the electrons and drive density perturbations at (2ω1, 2k 1) and (ω2 − ω1, k 2 − k 1). These density perturbations couple with the oscillatory velocities of the electron due to the lasers and produce a nonlinear current at (ω2 − 2ω1, k 2 − 2k 1). This current acts as an antenna to produce the THz radiation. The THz power depends upon the square of plasma density and , where I 1 and I 2 are the intensities of fundamental and second harmonic laser. The radiation is mainly along the forward direction. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations are used to study the near-field radiation properties.