Quality of life of patients with diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2 from a regerral health care center in Minas Gerais, Brazil

Rodrigues da Mata, Adriana and Álvares, Juliana and Diniz, Leonardo Mauricio and da Silva, Michael Ruberson Ribeiro and Alvernaz dos Santos, Bárbara Rodrigues and Guerra Júnior, Augusto Afonso and Cherchiglia, Mariangela Leal and Gurgel Andrade, Eli Iola and Godman, Brian and de Assis Acurcio, Francisco (2016) Quality of life of patients with diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2 from a regerral health care center in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology, 9 (5). pp. 739-746. ISSN 1751-2441

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    Abstract

    Quality of life (QoL) characteristics are important in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM 1 and 2). Aim: Evaluate QoL and DM-associated factors among diabetic patients. Methods: Patients attending a University Hospital interviewed about sociodemographic, clinical and QoL characteristics, with QoL measured via the EQ-5D. Descriptive analysis, correlation, linear regression, univariate and multivariate analysis were performed. Results: 346 patients took part, comprising 67% women, 59% with DM2, and 32% DM1. DM 1 patients had a mean QoL of 0.7369, with retinopathy, depression, dyslipidemia and a serious hypoglycemic crisis significantly reducing QoL. Patients with DM type 2 had mean QoL 0.6582, with hypertension, neuropathy, depression, cancer and dyslipidemia significantly reducing QoL. Reduced QoL also correlated with a lack of physical exercise. Males with both DM1 and 2 had a better QoL. Conclusion: Need for better disease monitoring and control combined with effective activities to improve self-care, reduce complications and improve patients’ QoL.