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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

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EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Containers, monads and induction recursion

Ghani, Neil and Hancock, Peter (2016) Containers, monads and induction recursion. Mathematical Structures in Computer Science, 26 (Specia). pp. 89-113.

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Abstract

Induction recursion offers the possibility of a clean, simple and yet powerful meta-language for the type system of a dependently typed programming language. At its crux, induction recursion allows us to define a universe, that is a set U of codes and a decoding function T : U → D which assigns to every code u : U, a value T, u of some type D, e.g. the large type Set of small types or sets. The name induction recursion refers to the build-up of codes in U using inductive clauses, simultaneously with the definition of the function T, by structural recursion on codes. Our contribution is to (i) bring out explicitly algebraic structure which is less visible in the original type-theoretic presentation – in particular showing how containers and monads play a pivotal role within induction recursion; and (ii) use these structures to present a clean and high level definition of induction recursion suitable for use in functional programming.