Investigating possible regional dependence in strong ground motions

Douglas, John; Akkar, Sinan and Gülkan, Polat and van Eck, Torild, eds. (2011) Investigating possible regional dependence in strong ground motions. In: Earthquake Data in Engineering Seismology. Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering, 14 . Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, pp. 29-38. ISBN 9789400701519 (

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It is common practice to use ground-motion models, often developed by regression on recorded accelerograms, to predict the expected earthquake ground motions at sites of interest. An important consideration when selecting these models is the possible dependence of ground motions on geographical region, i.e., are median ground motions in the (target) region of interest for a given magnitude and distance the same as those in the (host) region where a ground-motion model is from, and are the aleatory variabilities of ground motions also similar? In this brief article, some of the recent literature with relevance to these questions is summarized. It is concluded that although some regions seem to show considerable differences in shaking it is currently more defensible to use well-constrained models, possibly based on data from other regions, rather than use local, often poorly-constrained, models. In addition, it is noted that the presence of "pseudo-regional dependency" due to differences in, for example, focal depths, average shear-wave velocity profiles or focal mechanisms can lead to apparent variations between areas when these variations could be captured in well-characterized ground-motion prediction equations.


Douglas, John ORCID logoORCID:; Akkar, Sinan, Gülkan, Polat and van Eck, Torild