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Random rectangular graphs

Estrada, Ernesto and Sheerin, Matthew (2015) Random rectangular graphs. Physical Review E, 91 (4). ISSN 1539-3755

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Abstract

A generalization of the random geometric graph (RGG) model is proposed by considering a set of points uniformly and independently distributed on a rectangle of unit area instead of on a unit square [0, 1]2 . The topological properties of the random rectangular graphs (RRGs) generated by this model are then studied as a function of the rectangle sides lengths a and b = 1/a, and the radius r used to connect the nodes. When a = 1 we recover the RGG, and when a → ∞ the very elongated rectangle generated resembles a one-dimensional RGG. We obtain here analytical expressions for the average degree, degree distribution, connectivity, average path length and clustering coefficient for RRG. These results provide evidence that show that most of these properties depend on the connection radius and the side length of the rectangle, usually in a monotonic way. The clustering coefficient, however, increases when the square is transformed into a slightly elongated rectangle, and after this maximum it decays with the increase of the elongation of the rectangle. We support all our findings by computational simulations that show the goodness of the theoretical models proposed for RRGs.