GRP receptor imaging of prostate cancer using [(99m)Tc]Demobesin 4 : a first-in-man study

Mather, Stephen J. and Nock, Berthold A. and Maina, Theodosia and Gibson, Vickie and Ellison, David and Murray, Iain and Sobnack, Ravin and Colebrook, Steve and Wan, Susan and Halbert, Gavin and Szysko, Teresa and Powles, Thomas and Avril, Norbert (2014) GRP receptor imaging of prostate cancer using [(99m)Tc]Demobesin 4 : a first-in-man study. Molecular Imaging and Biology, 16 (6). pp. 888-895. ISSN 1860-2002 (

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We explored the imaging of bombesin receptors and evaluated the clinical use of [(99m)Tc]Demobesin 4 ([(99m)Tc]DB4) in prostate cancer patients.  [(99m)Tc]DB4 was prepared according to Good Manufacturing Practice. Patients with prostate cancer underwent serial planar and SPECT imaging up to 3 h after administration. Blood and urine samples were taken to assess pharmacokinetics.  [(99m)Tc]DB4 is safe and clears rapidly from the bloodstream via the kidneys resulting in low background activity. The tracer binds strongly to the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) in vivo as indicated by the high uptake in the pancreas seen in all patients. In patients who had undergone hormone therapy, [(99m)Tc]DB4 did not efficiently image metastatic prostate cancer. In contrast, in newly diagnosed patients local disease was visualised.  The GRPR is an unsuitable target for imaging refractory prostate cancer but may be useful in untreated disease. [(99m)Tc]DB4 is a promising radiopharmaceutical which merits further exploration in this specific group of patients.