Picture of sea vessel plough through rough maritime conditions

Innovations in marine technology, pioneered through Open Access research...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Marine Engineering based within the Faculty of Engineering.

Research here explores the potential of marine renewables, such as offshore wind, current and wave energy devices to promote the delivery of diverse energy sources. Expertise in offshore hydrodynamics in offshore structures also informs innovations within the oil and gas industries. But as a world-leading centre of marine technology, the Department is recognised as the leading authority in all areas related to maritime safety, such as resilience engineering, collision avoidance and risk-based ship design. Techniques to support sustainability vessel life cycle management is a key research focus.

Explore the Open Access research of the Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Marine Engineering. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Gardens beneath which rivers flow : water in the Muslim constructed landscape

Salama, Ashraf M (2010) Gardens beneath which rivers flow : water in the Muslim constructed landscape. Faith and Form: The Interfaith Journal on Religion, Art, and Architecture, XLII (3). pp. 30-35. ISSN 0014-7001

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


The Muslim faith emerged in a desert culture that thirsted for water, which was praised and prized as a rare yet breathtaking phenomenon. Water is a symbol which encompasses multiple meanings in the culture of Muslims. The Muslim culture spread across territories in which great civilizations had already prospered in the blossoming river valleys of the Nile in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates in Iraq, and eventually even the distant Indus and southern Spain. This was a an influential factor in relating the religious sources from the holy Qur’an and the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad to the multiple roles water played, from being a landscape element in mosques, mausoleums, and palaces to its utilization for irrigation purposes and in the everyday environment. This article highlights selected manifestations of the use of water as one of the important elements that shaped the built environment of Muslims.